Project: Loss and Damage from the Local Perspective in the Context of a Slow Onset Process: The Case of Sea Level Rise in Bangladesh

By: Ainun Nishat, Nandan Mukherjee, Anna Hasemann and Erin Roberts | Status: Complete

Abstract: This paper explores losses and damages to local communities expected to ensue following sea-level rise (SLR) in Bangladesh. The country, which already experiences SLR along its coastline, is predicted to lose 62 percent of its coastline by the end of the century consequently displacing millions of individuals and severely damaging the current ecosystem. Following an overview of the current and future expectations of SLR, the authors go on to demonstrate approaches to address loss and damages that will help local communities cope with SLR as well as provide recommendations for local level implementation.

Project: Loss and Damage from Salinity Intrusion in Sathkira District, Coastal Bangladesh

By: Golam Rabbani, Atiq Rahman, Khandaker Mainuddin and Ishtiaq Jahan Shoef | Status: Complete

Abstract: This report analyzes current adaptation measures by rice farmers to salinity intrusion. Using quantitative and qualitative tools, the researchers were particularly interested in nothing the reduction of loss and damage in the district. What they find is that water borne diseases and seasonal food crises have increased in severity due to salinization however over the years, farmers have adopted adaptation measures such as raising seed beds, however more assistance is needed, for instance, to introduce saline tolerant rice cultivars. The report estimates that in the past three years, households have incurred a loss of harvest priced at 1.9 million USD in the four villages surveyed.

Project: Local Perspective on Loss and Damage in the Context of Extreme Events: Insights from Cyclone-affected Communities in Coastal Bangladesh

By: Md. Shamsuddoha, Dr. Mahmudul Islam, Md. Atikul Haque, M. Forruq Rahman, Erin Roberts, Anna Hasemann and Stephen Roddick | Status: Complete

Abstract: This paper investigates how local people have experienced losses and damages due to extreme weather events. In this study communities that were badly affected by cyclone Sidr and cyclone Aila were surveyed. The report is based on surveys and semi-structured interviews in six affected communities and is complimented with desk-based research on government responses and other humanitarian agencies. Some of the community members that were interviewed during the study had been left destitute in the wake of these cyclones and also had additional long-term implications on food security. Affected communities adopted a variety of coping strategies however not all adaptation made households better off.

Project: Loss & Damage: Assessing Microinsurance as a Tool to Address Loss and Damage in the National Context of Bangladesh

By: Mizan R. Khan, Stephen Roddick and Erin Roberts | Status: Complete

Abstract: Microinsurance has increasingly been recognized as a way to transfer climate risk from those most vulnerable. In the context of Bangladesh, several microinsurnace research and projects have begun, however the potential of microinsurance has not been fully recognized. This paper explores the current microinsurance landscape and outlines several ways to improve the current market. While a useful tool, the paper concludes that ‘microinsurance needs to be customized to the specific needs of those most vulnerable in order to be an effective instrument for addressing loss and damage’.

Project: A Range of Approaches to Address Loss and Damage from Climate Change Impacts in Bangladesh

By: Ainun Nishat, Nandan Mukherjee, Erin Roberts and Anna Hasemann | Status: Complete

Abstract: Loss and damage from climate change can occur from both extreme events as well as slow onset processes. It should therefore come as no surprise that there is a wide range of approaches that can address these effects. This paper divides itself along four categories: risk reduction, risk retention, risk transfer and approaches specific to slow onset processes. While these approaches are useful for encompassing a wide range of losses and damages, the paper also recognizes the importance of good governance structures so as to build a national mechanism to secure finance and technology transfers and development programmes. Based mainly on secondary research the paper begins with a historical overview of the issue in the context of Bangladesh, then proceeds with an overview of approaches and concludes with recommendations to policymakers and other decision makers in Bangladesh.

Project: Early Lessons from the Process to Enhance Understanding of Loss and Damage in Bangladesh

By: Erin Roberts, Saleemul Huq, Anna Hasemann and Stephen Roddick | Status: Complete

Abstract: The document is a summary of loss and damage in Bangladesh over the past two years under the Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Countries Initiative. For this reason, the document is divided into three sections outlining the process, key research findings and lessons learned from the process. It also raises key questions for policy makers and next steps for the government of Bangladesh.

Project: Establishing Links between Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in the Context of Loss and Damage: Policies and Approaches in Bangladesh

By: M. Shamsuddoha, Erin Roberts, Anna Hasemann and Stephen Roddick | Status: Complete

Abstract: The document aims to examine the challenges of address loss and damage through both approaches. Since disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) share many of the same goals and methodologies, the document is largely an effort to create synergies between these two fields. In providing recommendations on how to implement DRR and CCA simultaneously, the authors recognize the importance of both approaches for addressing losses and damages. Within Bangladesh, the pressing reality to link these two has created some challenges for policy makers and as such, the paper concludes with recommendations for practical and institutional reform in the country.

Project: Assessing the Risk of Loss and Damage Associated with the Adverse Effects of Climate Change in Bangladesh

By: M. Asaduzzaman, A.K. Enamul Haque, K.M. Nabiul Islam, M. Qamar Munir, Stephen Roddick, Erin Roberts and Anna Hasemann | Status: Complete

Abstract: This paper examines the national context of loss and damage in Bangladesh. In light of the substantial attention loss and damage has received at the international level, this paper outlines relevant tools and methodologies at the national level that can be enhanced. Using Bangladesh as a case study the study provides clear lessons and recommendations so as to benefit other developing countries faced with similar challenges. The document begins by providing a comparison between different assessment models that span across both DRR and CCA. Then it goes on to look at what kind of data inputs are necessary for different models as well as what capacity, infrastructure and resources would be required to implement a mechanism in Bangladesh. It concludes with improving communication strategies to decision-makers that can vary significantly based on governance structures.

Project: Salinity-induced loss and damage to farming households in coastal Bangladesh

By: Golam Rabbani, Atiq Rahman and Khandaker Mainuddin | Status: Complete

Abstract: Salinity intrusion is a major issue for the coastal region in Bangladesh and has adversely affected several million people in the country. Satkhira, located in the southwest, is particularly vulnerable not only due to its exposure to salinity but also due to poverty levels in the region. Based on a survey of 260 farming households in four villages, the paper aims to capture loss and damage to rice production. What the authors find is that adaptation measures adopted by households following cyclone Aila in 2009 have been insufficient to deal with the spike in salinity following the extreme event. In that year, farmers had lost their entire production of aman rice and continued to experience lower-than-average yields in subsequent years.