Asia

Project: Climate change risk assessment and adaptation for loss and damage of urban transportation infrastructure (UTI) in Southeast Asia (SEA)

Countries: Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia  |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: Climate change (CC) will likely have negative impacts on urban transportation infrastructure (UTI) in Southeast Asia, and improved understanding of CC loss and damage, as well as the linkages between hazards, vulnerabilities adaptive capacity, is critical. However, there is a shortage of practical methods for estimating loss and damage in the context of CC and urbanization and particularly for UTI. The project aims to enhance climate change adaptive capacity through cooperative research on assessing loss and damage for UTI, including development of practical guidelines for implementing adaptation measures and strategies in Southeast Asia coastal cities. Six cities (two cities per country) in Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand, will be selected for conducting rapid assessment, focusing on loss and damage of UTI in the context of CC by applying PRA, Impact Matrix and Multiple Criteria Analysis (MCA). Based on the latter results, three pilot cities will be selected (one city per each country) for conducting Vulnerability Assessment (VA) at community level by applying NK-GIAS (GIS-based) analysis for estimating loss and damage for each type of UTI associated with key hazards. Findings from CC risk assessments will help decision makers translate CC adaptation into more resilient UTI management. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Ms. Cao Thi Thu Huong (Vice General Director, Transport Sustainable Development and Environment Research Institute).


Project: Developing Climate Inclusive Potential Loss and Damage Assessment Methodology for Flood Hazards

Countries: Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand   |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: The proposed project will mainly address regional research to develop an econometric methodology for estimating economic loss and damage in agricultural sector by using climate change induced flood risk assessment maps—extracted from downscaled high-resolution future climate scenarios —for the pilot sites of three countries including Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The project also intends to explore Science-based DRR and CCA interventions—such as strengthening early warning systems for floods, behavioural changes of farming community (livelihoods) to adopt change of cropping calendar, change crop varieties and other climate smart technological packages. Moreover, this initiative addresses capacity building component by conducting two regional training workshops on the methodology of “Climate Inclusive Risk Assessment for floods” and “Loss and Damage for crops due to impending flood hazards.” For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Dr. Senaka Basnayake (Head, Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre).


Project: Integrating CCA, DRR and L&D to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes

Countries: Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Cambodia, Myanmar, and Japan  |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: This trans-disciplinary research project involves 6 countries i.e. (1) Malaysia, (2) Vietnam, (3) The Philippines, (4) Myanmar, and (5) Cambodia, with expertise from (6) Japan. The project objectives are to: (i) identify characteristics, priorities and emerging issues related to slow onset processes in low-lying coastal areas, floodplains and highlands of Southeast Asia that impacts the livelihood and well-being of the communities therein; (ii) assess limits to adaptation based on the “best available science” and propose risk based approaches that integrate CCA and DRR; (iii) develop methodologies to evaluate prospective L+D (both economic and non-economic) associated with adverse and cascading impacts of climate change drawing on lessons from disaster risk management, and discerning natural and anthropogenic causes of climate change; and (iv) recommend policy and planning strategies to integrate CCA, DRR and L+D in development plans in line with existing governance systems. For more information please click hereFor all other inquiries please contact Dr. Joy Jacqueline Pereira (Principal Fellow, SEADPRI-Universiti Kegangsaan Malaysia)


Project: Building Capacity for Reducing Loss and Damage Resulting from Slow and Rapid Onset Climatic Extremes through Risk Reduction and Proactive Adaptation within the Broader Context of Sustainable Development

Countries: Malaysia, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Lao PDR  |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: Four in-country ‘learning labs’ (training workshops) will be conducted in Malaysia, Vietnam, Lao PDR and Cambodia respectively to bring together multiple stakeholders to explore ways to reduce the risk posed by climatic hazards before they are realised as disasters resulting in loss and damage. The central focus of this unique training is personalised instruction and hands-on learning. In most situations involving climatic extremes, and other disasters in general, the starting point appears to be an unexpected event followed by a hastily put-together reactionary relief and rehabilitation followed by a cooling-off period until the next disaster strikes. In more prepared communities and countries, anticipatory preparation and more robust recovery measures will be carried out as proactive measures. If we could define risk more inclusively to cover both ‘rapid onset-high impact’ events such as floods and typhoons, and ‘slow onset- high impact’ events, such as climate change and poverty, we could move from an event based to a process based intervention strategy for disaster risk reduction/management (DRR/M), in which case, the vulnerable communities will become active participants rather than remaining as passive victims. This training will consider such an approach by factoring sustainable development (SD) considerations in all the four major phases of the DRM loop – prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. This is the uniqueness of the training. Thus, this training is tailored to address closely the capacity needs of APN’s Climate Adaptation Framework 2012, and the outcome of the special APN workshop on CCA, DRR & L+D’ Kobe, 21-23 August 2013. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Dr. Kamarulazizi Ibrahim (Centre for Global Sustainability Studies)


Project: Assessing the Linkages between Climate Change Adaptation (CCA), Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), and Loss and Damage (L&D): Case Studies in the Low-Lying Coastal Cities of Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam

Countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam  |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: Climate-related disaster events are common phenomena in Southeast Asia, more particularly in Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. Most of the major cities in these countries are concentrated in low-lying areas making them vulnerable to these events, more particularly flooding. In recent years, these areas including Manila, Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta, and Siem Reap have experienced severe flooding as influenced by monsoon and tropical cyclones causing billions worth of damages in infrastructure (urban and rural), agriculture including loss of livelihoods) and private properties (Maiti 2007). Maiti further argued that most of the countries in Southeast Asia do not have established systems in assessing economic loss and damages, especially in the agriculture sector.

From 2007 to 2011, the estimated damages from floods in six countries of Southeast Asia were almost 4.7 billion US dollars. During these years, 31% and 28.7% of flood events occurred in the Philippines and Indonesia, respectively (Kouadio et al. 2012). The Philippines, Mekong River delta region of Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand were among the most vulnerable areas in Southeast Asia (Yusuf and Francisco 2009). The projected changes in climate are expected to worsen the impacts of climate-related disaster events.

This project will: (1) review existing frameworks for assessing loss and damage due to climate-related disasters; (2) identify emerging issues, gaps and opportunities in linking CCA, DRR and L&D assessment; (3) develop a robust framework in linking CCA, DRR and L&D assessment; and (4) recommend research and development (R&D) and policy agenda for implementation. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Dr. Rodel Lasco (Scientific Director, The OWL Center).


Project: Methods Toolbox for Assessing Loss and Damage at Local Level

Countries: Pakistan, India, and Nepal  |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: The proposed activity involves developing a methods toolbox for local-level assessment of loss and damage from climate-related stressors, including sudden-onset events and slow-onset processes. Conceptually and methodologically, the proposed work on loss and damage combines CCA and DRR perspectives, as it will look at adaptation to slow-onset climatic changes (including adaptation limits and constraints), as well as the risk-management strategies that people adopt to prevent or minimize disaster losses. The methods toolbox will build on experiences from the first ever multi-country study on loss and damage (www.lossanddamage.net/empirical-research) from the perspective of affected people in least developed and other vulnerable countries, including three in Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal) and one in the Pacific (Federated States of Micronesia). The methodology for this first generation of case studies, which looked at economic as well as non-economic losses, was developed at UN University. Lessons have been learnt about strengths and weaknesses of the methods used. The proposed activity aims to use these experiences to design a methods toolbox that should become a prototype for future assessments of loss and damage by researchers and organizations across the world and particularly in the Asia-Pacific Region. As part of the proposed activities, the toolbox will be tested by national researchers in Pakistan, India and Nepal. This will contribute to capacity in the region to assess loss and damage in vulnerable communities, while at the same time, it will yield insightful research findings. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Ms. Hina Lotia (LEAD Pakistan)


Project: Addressing Non-Economic Losses and Damages Associated with Climate Change: Learning from the Recent Past Extreme Climatic Events for Future Planning

Countries: Bangladesh, India, Japan, Philippines, and Thailand  |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: Thus far, the decisions made by various stakeholders engaged in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) have largely been based on the quantifiable and economic impacts of climatic events. While this approach has helped to make certain progress in DRR and CCA, the emerging body of evidence, recognizing the losses and damages after adaptation and mitigation, suggest the greater need to understand the non-economic losses and damages associated with climate change and to incorporate this understanding into decision making processes for climate risk reduction. Keeping this in view, the research team intends to study the non-economic losses and damages associated with climate change through case study of recent past climatic extreme events in Bangladesh (floods), India (droughts), Philippines and Japan (Typhoon) and Thailand (urban floods). The research will: develop an assessment framework to identify and measure non-economic losses for key vulnerable sectors (e.g., agriculture, water, livelihood and gender); identify range of best practices for addressing the non-economic loss and damage; and developing policy mainstreaming guidelines addressing non-economic losses and damages targeting the key policy makers and the practitioners. This research will help improve our understanding on the non-economic damages associated with the extreme climatic events (rapid and slow onset) and help introduce necessary changes in the risk reduction, transfer and pooling measures including risk insurance, compensation, microfinance etc. As a result, this research is relevant to Thematic area 4-1 c) Multi-trans disciplinary research and assessment of Impacts of extreme weather events and slow onset events at regional, sub-regional and local levels (what are the gaps; what is the status quo?) and non-economic losses. The project will closely collaborate with CAF2014-RR03-NMY-Pereira led by SEADPRI-UKM and share experiences and expertise through organizing common workshops and exchanging research methodologies and results from Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Cambodia and Myanmar. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Mr. Yohei Chiba (Institute for Global Environmental Strategies)


Project: The Asia Pacific Forum on Loss and Damage

Countries: Regional | Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: Loss and damage is an issue fast emerging in research agendas as well as national policies and programs in the Asia Pacific region. For the past two years the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) have undertaken research to better understand loss and damage in Bangladesh. Discussions with policymakers at both the national level and throughout the Asia Pacific region have revealed an urgent need to understand more about potential future losses and damages and how they can be addressed. Researchers are now beginning to respond to this need. However research on loss and damage is complicated by both the uncertainty of future climate change and the linkages with a range of disciplines including disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation, development and insurance. By creating an Internet forum to disseminate knowledge on loss and damage, the proposed project will profile research on the topic and help shed light on the challenges and potential solutions to address them. In addition, the Asia Pacific Forum on Loss and Damage will allow researchers to connect and learn from others conducting research in the region. In addition, a bi-monthly newsletter will disseminate research findings to a larger audience including practitioners and stakeholders.

A key component of APN’s Climate Adaptation Framework is regional capacity building. The proposed project will provide a platform to build the capacity of a wider group of researchers in the region. Relevant to the APN Climate adaptation Framework, the Forum will provide space for APN-funded projects related to loss and damage to disseminate their results within the community which will increase the exposure of APN and help APN gather and learn from loss and damage research in the region. The Forum website will also be accessible to policymakers, practitioners and other stakeholders, thereby increasing the likelihood that research will be translated into policy and practice. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Dr. Saleemul Huq (International Centre for Climate Change and Development).


Project: Enhancing Capacity of Policy Makers and practitioners in India, Sri Lanka and Nepal on Loss and Damage Related to Slow Onset Events in the Region

Countries: Nepal, India, and Sri Lanka | Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: South Asia is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, including slow onset events: Sea level rise, increasing temperatures, ocean acidification, glacial retreat and related impacts, salinization, land and forest degradation, loss of biodiversity and desertification are described as slow onset events. The region, of which population and economy are highly dependent on natural resources and climate sensitive sectors, is already witnessing the loss of livelihood, reduction in agricultural productivity, negative health impacts and displacement.

Though various stakeholders are engaged actively in adaptation work and its integration in the development policies, understanding on slow onset events causing loss & damage to various sectors is limited among the stakeholders. The proposed project is aimed at diagnosing the extent to which the problem persists and what approaches can be developed linking with the existing work in relation to DRR, CCA and development policies and practices.

Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA) along with ActionAid and APAN as collaborators proposes to build capacity of stakeholders in three countries (Nepal, India and Sri Lanka), due to impacts already visible on key sectors which support the livelihoods of a large population. The project will: 1) Mobilise scientists, policymakers and practitioners to comprehensively assess the impact of slow onset events and prepare a comprehensive response; 2) Spread awareness about loss and damage caused by slow onset events to people and eco-systems, and; 3) Sensitise, engage and build capacity of stakeholders, particularly policymakers and practitioners to develop appropriate solutions. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Ms. Vositha Wijenayake (CANSA).


 

Project: An analysis of longer-term (5-10 years) recovery following major disasters in the Asia Pacific Region: Lessons for resilient development

 Countries: Thailand, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Myanmar, and Indonesia  |   Status: Ongoing

Project Summary: The aim of this project is to undertake a critical analysis of the longer-term recovery process in 5 selected case studies of disasters that occurred in the Asia Pacific Region during the last ten years. The project will generate insights that will improve our understanding of the types of transformations required in societies at risk from natural hazards and climate change impacts in order to become more resilient to such risks and how these transformations can be understood and guided by policy based on resilience thinking. Specifically, research outcomes will be the identification of disaster loss and damage ‘systems’, an evaluation of the performance of recovery efforts against stated formal objectives, an identification of the greatest achievements and challenges in building disaster resilience over a 5-10 year time period, and an identification of the factors (research, coordination, collaboration, institutions) that lead to successful long-term approaches of DRR and CCA. For more information please click here. For all other inquiries please contact Dr. Frank Thomalla (Stockholm Environment Institute).