Micronesia

Project: Limits to autonomous adaptation in response to coastal erosion in Kosrae, Micronesia

By: Iris Monnereau and Simpson Abraham | Status: Complete

Abstract: Small-island developing states (SIDS) are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea level rise and extreme weather events. Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate coastal erosion. Adaptation measures in response to this in SIDS have the potential to reduce some of the adverse impacts, yet they have limitations. This article addresses the degree to which households on the island of Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), are affected by coastal erosion, the autonomous adaptation measures they have implemented, the limitations thereof, and the loss and damage incurred as a result. This analysis is based on quantitative and qualitative data. We found that 70% of the 363 households we interviewed experienced adverse effects of coastal erosion. Of those suffering from impacts, 60% carried out adaptation measures. Yet, 92% of those respondents who carried out adaptation measures indicated that these measures were insufficient, resulting in loss and damage to livelihoods, housing and culture. This empirical case study contributes to the critical debate on the impacts of climate change beyond adaptation


Project: Loss and Damage from coastal erosion in Kosrar, The Federated States of Micronesia

By: Iris Monnereau and Simpson Abraham | Status: Complete

Abstract: The report is based on research that was conducted in four villages on Kosrae that all suffer from coastal erosion. Since most of the households are located below 4 metres above sea level, coastal erosion due to rising tides and king tides has been an ongoing issue for the majority of households. Research findings demonstrated that 87% of the surveyed households had experienced adverse effects of coastal erosion while 51% of those affected adopted adaptation measures. Most disappointing however is that most of the adaptation measures proved insufficient to offset the adverse impacts.